Active Acne

What is active acne?

Acne, or acne pimples, is an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles that affects over 80% of adults and is particularly common in adolescents. Generally, these follicles are located on the face, but they can also appear on the back and upper part of the trunk.

Acne is said to be active acne when there is presence of comedones, inflammatory papules, and pustules on the surface of the skin


What are the prevalent causes of acne?

Active acne is usually caused by different factors, but the most prevalent causes are;

  • clogged pores (dead skin cells and oil)
  • excess hormonal activity (androgens) leading to an increase in sebum production
  • excess oil production
  • acne bacteria (P. acnes)
  • inflammation

Adults are also not immune to acne. It is extremely important to know how acne occurs so that you can take the necessary steps to eradicate and even prevent it.

To give you an idea of ​​how pimples get out of the skin, you need to know that the skin contains sebaceous glands. These glands produce oil that your skin needs to function properly. But sometimes, the sebaceous glands produce excess oil due to hormonal changes, poor diet, and stress. As a result, the skin pores become clogged with a “plug” from a mixture of sebum and dead skin scales, then acne develops (another name is comedones).

The production of sebum under the plug of the closed sebaceous duct continues and is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria (propionic acne bacteria), which usually live peacefully and quietly in the sebaceous glands. The rapid growth of the bacterial population leads to the development of inflammation, which can manifest itself on the skin from small pimples to huge purulent pimples.

It is important to know that there is usually a hereditary influence on the appearance of acne. The likelihood of teenage pimples is higher in children of parents who have or are suffering from acne. And you should expect the development of a serious form of teenage acne if both parents suffered from the problem.

Where does acne typically appear?

Acne can develop in any part of the body where sebaceous follicles are present, but they more commonly appear on the:

  • chin
  • forehead
  • cheek
  • back

Are there treatments for acne?

If you are a teenager, there is usually nothing you can do other than lessen the effect by eating the right diet and managing stress effectively because hormonal changes are part of a teen’s life. On the other hand, if you are an adult with a healthy lifestyle, you can prevent acne from occurring. It’s important for you to know that while there are certain acne remedies and products that work wonders, there are others that can harm your skin.

If the acne is a mild form, some topical over the counter medications can be used, especially if they contain Azelaic acid and salicylic acid or are Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs. Antibiotics and Dapsone can also be employed based on the severity of the acne.

At DeRMA clinic, we are focused on providing you with a personalized solution to all forms of acne problem, either mild or full-blown. We employ both topical medications in combination with oral or other suited approach and use of tailored therapies performed by our specialized dermatologist, Dr. Sajic, to eradicate your acne.

It is usually advisable to visit a clinic if your acne condition has not improved in a period of about 6 weeks after the start of over the counter oral or topical medication.