Pigment, Freckles, Sun Damage and Melasma Treatment
Exposure to UV light from the sun is a big risk factor for premature skin aging and skin cancer.
UV rays cause collagen and elastin to breakdown causing premature wrinkles and changes to skin tone and texture. Prolonged, unprotected sun exposure leads to skin texture changes like wrinkling, especially in sun exposed areas like the face, neck, forearms and the back of hands. Pigmentation changes also occur and brown spots, freckles, and age spots start to appear.
First step to treatment is always prevention of further damage with the use of sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher in combination of physical barriers like wide brimmed hats and long sleeved clothing.
Medical grade skin care is the next best step. Using pharmaceutical grde products wih antioxidants and retinols can help hydrate and rejuvenate the skin.
More noticeable sun damage can be addressed with the use of peels, lasers, and resurfacing as well as Photodynamic Therapy.
Finally, pre-cancerous skin changes develop usually noticed by patients as red, scaly lesions called actinic keratosis. Skin cancer is the most feared consequence of excessive sun exposure. Numerous treatments can help minimize the transformation to skin cancer: these include – Efudex, Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara), Ingenol Mebutate (Picato), Chemical Peels and Photodynamic therapy. Depending on the extent and severity, it may be recommended to combine the treatments for maximum effect.
A consult with Dr. Sajic will help in customizing the best treatment plan for your skin type.